International Training Programme in Transboundary Water Management
The programme is funded by the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and implemented by Ramboll Natura and SIWI from Sweden as well as the African Centre for Water Research. It was held for the first time in 2006 and runs for five years until 2010. Every year this training programme brings together 30 senior water managers, researchers and policy makers from 15 to 20 developing countries. The course runs over a period of 5 months, divided into 5 modules, alternating between individual work at the home organisation and regional and international training sessions for the whole group.
ACWR is responsible for visiting some of the participants in their home organisations in order to assist the participants in the development of their individual projects through start-up workshops. Additionally, ACWR is responsible for the content development and organisation of the two weeks regional training module held in Maputo, Mozambique in March. The training module is presented through a series of lectures and interactive group work sessions, role plays and practical exercises reflecting the real life work situation of the participants. The topics presented include hydro politics, stakeholder participation in water management, water demand management, benefit sharing, international water law, data management and environmental flow regimes and include a panel discussion with the drafters of the Inco-maputo Agreement. The training is complemented by a three day field visit to the Komati Basin Water Authority (KOBWA) at Maguga dam in Swaziland. Here participants are introduced to the innovative resettlement programme developed in connection with the construction of Maguga dam and share experiences with the resettled community during a community visit. Participants are also given the opportunity to share experiences with water users from South Africa and Swaziland about the way KOBWA manages the Komati River on a transboundary scale.
Training Programme on Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) for Zambezi Basin Countries.
The need for a training programme on Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) for Zambezi Basin states has been identified by the ZACPRO project. Responding to that need Sida commissioned Ramboll Natura and SIWI to implement the IWRM-Zambezi training programme together with a regional partner organisation. From 2006 the programme has been implemented, initially with the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) as a regional partner, and has trained 51 participants from Zambezi basin states in the first two years. From 2008 the programme is implemented with the African Centre for Water Research as the regional partner.
Participants participating in the training programme are from the eight basin states of the Zambezi River Basin, Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The objective of the training programme is to build capacity for supporting and consolidating the development process of Integrated Water Resources Management in the riparian countries of the Zambezi River Basin, including cross border collaboration, with specific emphasis on:
- increased understanding of international processes for sustainable development and poverty alleviation and how these relate to Integrated Water Resources Management;
- increased knowledge about international, national and local processes for IWRM with particular focus on the Zambezi River Basin, including institutional and legislative frameworks, technology development and management tools;
- clearly formulated plans for how to use the knowledge acquired during the training programme in practice and in particular how this contributes to the process of developing the IWRM strategy and plan for the Zambezi River Basin;
- Capacity to continue dialogue and further develop contacts and networks, e.g. within the relevant national and basin-wide institutional framework and with other participants and with resource persons from Sweden and elsewhere for information exchange and dialogue.
- Aimed at developing capacities of key organisations supporting/coordinating the sustainable development of the Zambezi River Basin as well as Waternet member organisations, the IWRM-Zambezi training programme seeks to promote change processes at different levels in the system. An important entry point is that each participant will develop an Individual Project (IP) that will contribute directly to the processes in the Zambezi River Basin context of developing a common strategy and plan for the basin.
ACWR is responsible for assisting the participants in the development of their individual projects as well as, jointly with its partners, for the for the content development and organisation of the two weeks regional training module held in southern Africa held in February. The training module is presented through a series of lectures and interactive group work sessions, role plays and practical exercises reflecting the real life work situation of the participants.
Transboundary Water Management training for River Basin Organisations in SADC - Cunene PJTC and Limpopo Watercourse Commission
River Basin Organisations in SADC face diverse institutional development and capacity building challenges. Strengthening of River Basin Organisations is a key issue for the strengthening of cooperation in the management of transboundary rivers and the implementation of integrated water resources management in the SADC. In this context GTZ (German Technical Cooperation) is assisting in providing capacity building to further strengthen River Basin Organisations in SADC.
Together with its project partners Ramboll Natura (Sweden) and Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), the African Centre for Water Research provides training in transboundary water management for the Permanent Joint Technical Commission (JPTC) for the Cunene River, shared between Angola and Namibia.
The Cunene River is just over a thousand kilometres in length, rising in the Huambo Province of southern Angola and draining into the Atlantic Ocean. For the last third of its length it forms the contiguous border between Angola and Namibia. The two countries manage the water resources of the basin through the Permanent Joint Technical Commission (PJTC). The region has a range of water storage and reticulation infrastructure, some of which is in need of rehabilitation after the years of civil war in Angola. There is also a need to further develop water supply infrastructure to serve communities in the basin as well as an input to socio-economic development projects in both countries.
The rehabilitation of the Calueque-Ondangwa-Ondjiva water supply scheme (Cunene River, Angola / Namibia), financed within the Financial Cooperation of SADC and Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) has been chosen as pilot project in SADC.
A first training seminar for member of the PJTC provided the participants with an in-depth overview of the principles of International Water Law and regional (SADC) and basin-specific water agreements. The seminar further provided an overview of stakeholder analysis and involvement techniques, the role of transboundary environmental impact assessment and financing mechanism for infrastructure projects in a transboundary context. The seminar concluded with the identification of future training needs, which will be delivered in a tailor-made format in due course. Similar training will be conducted for the Limpopo Watercourse Commission between Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe starting from November 2008.